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Norval’s Pont Concentration Camp Memorial

Norval’s Pont Concentration Camp Memorial

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Right in the north of the Karoo Heartland on the border between the Eastern Cape and Northern Cape, you will find the Norval’s Pont Concentration Camp Memorial.
The Norval’s Pont Concentration Camp was established in November 1900 during the Anglo Boer War. Norval’s Pont was seen as a model camp and was much better off than most of the other camps even though conditions were still very bad. It was situated on the banks of the Orange River which meant that there was at least enough water and firewood available. It was not that Norval’s Pont lacked the problems of the other camps. As the war progressed the food supply deteriorated, conditions in the camp became very unsanitary due to increased overcrowding, the measles epidemic struck early and was followed by scarlet fever and diphtheria. Families also poured in without warning and tents and blankets ran out. At times there were over three thousand people housed in tents on the site, while the camp had a total of four hundred and twelve deaths.
The camp was one of those visited by Emily Hobhouse in 1901.
Three monuments can be found within the Norval’s Pont Memorial, one of them containing the names of those who died in the concentration camp.